Understanding the Philippine Public Policy Process

Published on Oct 1, 2002

On January 20, 2001, the Philippines was again a witness to anotherPeople Power phenomenon, the “EDSA Dos”, which removed what was perceived as a corrupt and incompetent government under President Joseph E.Estrada and installed then-Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (GMA) topower. While some sectors glorified this ‘miraculous’ occurrence, certaindynamics of the people power phenomenon now have become embedded in thepolicy process that it threatens the very nature of the process itself. In this light,the Philippines public policy process is, indeed, a very complex, yet interestingobject of study. As it would have been ideal to cover both the legislative and executivepolicy processes, this paper focuses only on the latter with the GMAAdministration as the context of the study.To better analyze the policy process, the Stages Heuristic framework orthe Stages Approach (Jones, 1970; Anderson, 1975; Brewer and De Leon, 1983)will be used. The stages involved are: (1) agenda setting; (2) policy formulation;(3) legitimation; (4) implementation; and (5) evaluation.

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